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Fibroids and Pregnancy: What You Need to Know Before, During and After

Posted on February 05, 2024

When you have one or more fibroids, you may worry about what that means for a pregnancy. Now, these growths aren't usually cancerous. But they because they grow in and around the uterus, often during your reproductive years, they may interfere with conception, fetal growth, the delivery process, and more. Here's what you need to know.

Fibroids and Pregnancy: What's the Impact?

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Fibroids in the uterus can make it hard to conceive, particularly if they block the fallopian tubes, or if they keep a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterine lining. Then, if you do conceive, you'll have an increased risk for miscarriage.

The risk for pregnancy is highest in the early months of pregnancy. But if you do remain pregnant, you may also face:

  1. Restricted fetal growth or movement within the uterus.
  2. Placental abruption, when a fibroid comes between the placenta and the wall of the uterus, restricting the flow of oxygen and nutrition to the baby.
  3. Pre-term labor.
  4. According to the Journal of Hypertension, pregnant women with one or more fibroids are at an increased risk for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP.) This includes preeclampsia, gestational and chronic hypertension (high blood pressure.)

Additionally, having fibroids during pregnancy results in a six-fold increase in your risk for a necessary C-section. Additionally, because these growths can change the shape of your uterus, you're more likely to deliver a baby in the breech position. Finally, women who go through pregnancy with fibroids are more likely to experience post-partum bleeding.

Fibroid and Pregnancy: Are There Treatment Options?

Unless you're facing a medical emergency, we don't recommend treating fibroids while you are pregnant. Instead, during the pregnancy, your OB will likely monitor your baby and the fibroids via ultrasound. This should help prevent potential complications.

However, if you know you have a fibroid and are planning to get pregnant, you may wish to consider pre-conception treatment. Our interventional radiologists in Dallas are happy to discuss Uterine Fibroid Embolization, a minimally invasive treatment option with you. However, because we don't have volumes of data on conception following UFE, many women prefer to wait until they've completed their families before scheduling this procedure.

The advantages of UFE over hysterectomy include:

  • Preserving your uterus
  • Avoiding surgery
  • Limiting blood loss
  • Avoiding an overnight hospital stay

Research has also explored the relationship between folic acid and fibroids. Our findings suggest that folic acid can help to balance your diet, especially for those trying to conceive or are currently pregnant.

Ready to see if you're a good candidate for UFE? Click here to request an appointment with our fibroid specialists in Dallas, TX.

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